"And where the body of the people, or any single man, is deprived of their right, or is under the exercise of a power without right, and have no appeal on earth, then they have a liberty to appeal to heaven, whenever they judge the cause of sufficient moment." - John Locke
An Appeal to Heaven. Adorned on the right sleeve with General George Washington's original Battle Flag representing the 13 Colonies.
60/40 Combed Ring-Spun Cotton/Polyester.
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The phrase “Appeal To Heaven” is a particular expression of the right of revolution used by British philosopher John Locke in Second Treatise on Civil Government which was published in 1690 as part of Two Treatises of Government refuting the theory of the divine right of kings.
The Tree Flag or “An Appeal to Heaven” was originally used by a squadron of six cruiser ships commissioned under George Washington’s authority as commander in chief of the Continental Army in October 1775.
General Washington’s secretary, Colonel Joseph Reed, designed the flag. The pine tree, leading top to the Revolutionary War, was a symbol of Colonial ire and resistance to the Crown. Colonists were angry at the Crown imposed restrictions on timber, which were used for needs and livelihoods. Prohibitions were disregarded and they practiced “Swamp Law,” where the pines were harvested according to their needs regardless of statutes.
Enforcement of the timber statues by British troops led to the Pine Tree Riot in 1772 in New Hampshire, one of the first acts of forceful protest against British policies. It occurred almost two years prior to the more well-known Boston Tea Party protest, and three years before open hostilities began at the Battles of Lexington and Concord. The pine tree was also used on the flag that the Colonists flew at the Battle of Bunker Hill in June 1775.